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Review Sheet for Semester I Final

Updated 12/11/06


Review Sheet for Semester I Final


Chapter One – American History to the Civil War

1.  Reasons for self-government and how it led to the American Revolution

3.  Amendments - what they are and why they're important

4.  popular sovereignty and the Kansas-Nebraska Act

5.  Causes of the Mexican-American War

6.  Why the Constitution was written

7.  Election of 1860 as a cause of the Civil War

8.  Declaration of Independence - what it said

9.  abolitionists

10. Manifest Destiny

11. John Brown

12. What each federal branch of government does


Chapter 2 – The American Civil War


1.  Surrender at Appomattox – terms and tone

2.  Southern mistakes that led to their defeat

3.  Tactic of Total War


Chapter Three – Reconstruction


1.  Jim Crow laws

2.  Plessey v. Ferguson

3.  14th Amendment – what it said

4. Similarities and differences between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois

5. Sharecropping

6. Pap Singleton


Chapter Four – The Expansion of American Industry


1.  vertical / horizontal integration

2.  Key inventions of the industrial age (Bessemer process)

3.  Gospel of Wealth

4.  Theory of Social Darwinism

5.  Importance of the Transcontinental Railroad

6.  Economics of scale

7.  Why unions failed

8.  Scofield Mine Incident

10.  Experiences of assembly line workers

11.  Labor / Union tactics

12.  Why unions favored immigration restrictions

13.  Changes in city space

14.  Child Labor



Chapter Five – Looking to the West


1.  Homestead Act and its effect on U.S. settlement

2.  Rise of cattle ranching

3.  Homestead Act - what it said

4.  Reasons for the end of the "open range"

5.  Dawes Act

6.  Reservations- what they were intended to do


Chapter Six – Immigration and Urban Life


1.  Ellis Island experience

2.  Tenement houses

3.  Settlement Houses

4.  Ethnic communities

5.  Legal harassment of Chinese and the Chinese Exclusion Act

6.  Old vs. New Immigration

7.  Angel Island / Paper Brides


Chapter Seven – Daily Life in the Gilded Age


1.  Entertainment in Victorian America – types and reasons people could support it

2.  Marquis of Queensbury Rules

3.  “Gibson Girls”

4.  Cult of Domesticity

5.  Ragtime music

6.  Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)

7.  How women were affected by the technological revolution of the late 1800s

9.  The fight for women’s suffrage – arguments for and against

10.  Carrie Nation, and Susan B. Anthony – what they were fighting for

11.  Significance of the rise of college football

12.    Minstrel Shows

13.    Frank Lloyd Wright

14.    Conspicuous consumption

15.    The Centennial Mirror


Chapter Eight – Becoming a World Power


  1. Reasons for U.S. interest in gaining new territories
  2. Yellow Journalism – what it was and how it helped lead to the Spanish-American War
  3. Causes of the Spanish-American War
  4. What really happened to the U.S.S. Maine
  5. Filipino War – lessons learned (or not learned) by the U.S.
  6. How the U.S. acquired the Panama Canal
  7. The role of Philippe Bunau-Varilla and the U.S. government in the Panamanian Revolution
  8.  The Panama Canal – how long is it, how does it work, etc.
  9. Importance of the voyage of the U.S.S. Oregon
  10. Anti-Imperialism movement
  11. White Man’s Burden
  12.  Acquisition of Midway and Alaska




1.  “Immigrants succeeded and stayed in America because the positives outweighed the

negatives.”  Is this a fair statement?


2.  What were the most significant events which led to America’s rise to world power status in the late 1800s and early 1900s?