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Review Sheet for Race and Social Justice in U.S. History

Semester I Final

Updated 12/3/09



Unit One – Self Government in Colonial America and The Constitution

1.  Founding fathers and their beliefs concerning slavery

2.  Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

3.  Supremacy Clause of the Constitution

4.  The Great Compromise

5.  Significance of Paul Revere’s woodcut of the Boston Massacre


Unit Two – Expansion and The American Civil War


1.  Significance of the cotton gin

2.  abolitionists

3. Manifest Destiny

4. John Brown

5. Underground Railraod

6.  Dred Scott Decision – what it said

7.  Fugitive Slave law

8.  54th Massachusetts regiment in the American Civil War

9.  Sea Island Experiments


Unit Three – Reconstruction, The West and Industrialism


1.  “Let Us Have Peace” – Grant’s slogan – what it meant

2.  Jim Crow laws and Black Codes

3.  The Birth of A Nation

4.  14th Amendment – what it said

5. Similarities and differences between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois

6. Sharecropping

7.  Ida B. Wells

8.  Frank Cushing and the “Friends of the Indian”

9.  Roosevelt’s “American Beauty Rose”

10.  Gospel of Wealth

11.  Theory of Social Darwinism

12.  John Mitchell and the Coal Strike of 1900

13.  Why the Pullman Strike failed

14.  Tenement housing

15.  Lewis Hine and Child Labor


Unit Four – Immigration, Culture and American Imperialism


1.  Ellis Island experience vs. Angel Island experience

2.  Tenement houses

3.  Settlement Houses

4.  Ethnic communities

5.  Legal harassment of Chinese and the Chinese Exclusion Act

6.  Difficulties facing immigrants – how the case of Leo Frank reflected this

7.  Social Gospel

8.  Chicago Ship and Sanitary Canal

9.  Trolley and subways – why they were significant

10.  How immigrants got the United States – steamships and steerage

11.  Political machines – how it benefited immigrants

12.  Public Education – how it benefited immigrants


Culture in the late 19th Century

1 “Gibson Girls”

2.  Legislating morality – Carrie Nation and Sapho

4.  Cult of Domesticity

5.  Ragtime music

6.  Entertainment in Victorian America – the theater, Coney Island, etc.

7.  Francis Benjamin Johnston

9.  The fight for women’s suffrage – arguments for and against

10.  Voting for women -  Susan B. Anthony .  How some women incorporated cult of domesticity into their demands.

12.    Minstrel Shows

13.    The Centennial Mirror



  1. Reasons for U.S. interest in gaining new territories
  2. Yellow Journalism – what it was and how it helped lead to the Spanish-American War
  3. Causes of the Spanish-American War  / What land was gained from this war?
  4. Filipino War – lessons learned (or not learned) by the U.S.
  5. How the U.S. acquired the Panama Canal
  6. The role of Philippe Bunau-Varilla and the U.S. government in the Panamanian Revolution
  7.  The Panama Canal – how long is it, how does it work, etc.
  8. Importance of the voyage of the U.S.S. Oregon
  9. Anti-Imperialism movement / Carl Shurz’s argument
  10. White Man’s Burden – Pear Soap advertisement
  11.  Acquisition of Midway and Alaska – why did the U.S. get these areas?
  12. Roosevelt Corollary and Dollar Diplomacy
  13. Open Door Policy






1.  All immigrants face difficulties when coming to the United States.  Sometimes solutions to these difficulties were developed.  What were the difficulties and solutions to problems faced by immigrants?  In the

face of the difficulties, most immigrants stayed.  Why?

            Organization:  Introductory paragraph, 1st body paragraph (difficulties faced by immigrants), 2nd body paragraph (solutions), 3rd body paragraph (why they stayed?), conclusion (summary, and then a current example…do immigrants still stay for the same reason?  Has an immigrant’s struggle become more significant?)